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Managing Nuclear Safety Knowledge. National Approaches and Experience

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Etiquetas

  • proteccion contra las radiaciones
  • normas de seguridad
  • gestion del conocimiento
  • guias
  • seguridad nuclear
  • informes de seguridad

Datos

Origen

OIEA

Idioma

Inglés

Organización

ARN (Argentina)

Autor

INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY

Descripción

Nuclear knowledge management is a well established professional discipline in nuclear organizations and Member States, as has been reported in different international conferences dealing with human resource development and knowledge management. The IAEA has issued several publications that provide general and technical guidance on the subject to support its implementation. It has been identified as one of the key factors that can contribute to safe, secure and efficient use of nuclear sciences and technology in Member States, and its importance has been highlighted in several IAEA General Conference resolutions, most recently in 2017 in resolutions GC(61)/RES/11 [1] and

C(61)/RES/8 [2]. For nuclear safety in particular, nuclear knowledge management is of high importance, as reflected in several IAEA publications and conferences, including, among others, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SF-1, Fundamental Safety Principles [3], the General Safety Requirements publications [4–10], the IAEA Action Plan on Nuclear Safety [11], the IAEA Report on Capacity Building for Nuclear Safety [12], the proceedings of the IAEA International Conference on Human Resource Development for Nuclear Power Programmes: Building and Sustaining Capacity [13] and the proceedings of the IAEA Third International Conference on Nuclear Knowledge Management: Challenges and Approaches [14]. In the context of this publication, the term ‘nuclear safety knowledge management’ is defined as the management of knowledge relevant to or required for nuclear safety. Nuclear safety knowledge management entails using knowledge management approaches, tools and techniques for the purpose of nuclear safety. However, nuclear safety knowledge management is specific and unique in the following ways: Securing an adequate nuclear safety knowledge base is essential for both operators and regulatory bodies. A lack of nuclear safety knowledge can have significant implications (i.e. well beyond an undesirable lack of efficient use of knowledge as a commercial resource). Various types of knowledge need to be dealt with (e.g. legal, technical and operational knowledge). Different types of nuclear safety knowledge may have different owners (e.g. regulatory bodies, technical and scientific support organizations (TSOs), vendors and operators). Long timescales need to be considered (e.g. the decision basis for regulatory decisions needs to be kept available beyond the lifetime of a particular facility or duration of an activity). The regulatory body has a dual role with regard to nuclear safety knowledge management: as an individual organization, the regulatory body uses knowledge management to support its own functions as a regulatory body; as a regulator of facilities and activities, the regulatory body performs functions relating to knowledge management activities by others (e.g. authorized parties) in line with national regulations.

This publication provides the conceptual basis for managing nuclear safety knowledge at the organizational, national, regional and global level, but with a focus on the national level. The IAEA provides additional guidance on nuclear knowledge management at the organizational level, for example, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-6.10, Knowledge Management and Its Implementation in Nuclear Organizations [15]. The information provided in this publication is in line with and supports the IAEA General Safety Requirements publications [4–10], based on the Fundamental Safety Principles [3], and various IAEA Specific Safety Requirements and Safety Guide publications [16–21]. International Atomic Energy Agency, 2021. | Series: Managing nuclear safety knowledge : national approaches and experience, ISSN 1020–6450 ; no. 105